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Movie Company Demands $10K From BitTorrent Pirate, Court Awards $750

After roughly two decades of pirated movies being shared online, movie companies are still trying to find a way to stem the flow.

Despite its aggressive actions elsewhere, most Hollywood studios have largely shied away from targeting individual pirates with lawsuits. The same cannot be said about a relatively small subset of companies, who are very happy to target thousands of them worldwide, demanding cash settlements in lieu of a drawn-out court battle.

LHF Productions, one of the companies behind the blockbuster movie ‘London Has Fallen’ is one such company and over the years has filed lawsuits against alleged pirates in both the United States and Europe. In the former, the company has enjoyed some success but a case that has just gone all the way in the US, without the defendant mounting even a basic defense, hasn’t gone exactly to plan.

Multiple Defendants Targeted in a Utah Court

Early 2017, LHF Productions filed a lawsuit against 30 alleged pirates in a Utah court, claiming they downloaded and shared London Has Fallen using BitTorrent. The case has rolled on for more than three years, with various defendants removed from the action after appearing to reach settlement agreements with LHF.

The details of these settlements are private but one defendant, named as Amanda Steel, hasn’t played ball from the start. Mounting no defense, the alleged pirate could have faced a huge damages award but this week, in an order handed down by District Judge David Nuffer, Steel got off quite lightly.

Plaintiffs Demanded $10,000 in Damages, Judge Says No

After failing to respond to the lawsuit, Steel could’ve been on the hook for $150,000 in statutory damages, in theory at least. In the event, LHF put in a demand for a default judgment of $10,000 as well as a permanent injunction but the Judge wasn’t happy with that lowered figure either.

The judgment reveals that the Judge was satisfied that a default was warranted in this case and accepted the plaintiff’s allegations that the infringement was willful. This meant that Steel was facing a potential damages award of between $750 and $150,000, at the Judge’s discretion.

LHF argued that its $10,000 demand was reasonable and at a level that would deter future infringement. The company also cited five cases from other jurisdictions where that amount was deemed acceptable to the courts.

For example, one case dating back to 2012 saw the defendant hit with $1.5m in damages for pirating 10 movies. However, Judge Nuffer said that in that matter, no findings or conclusions were officially entered on file, other than the allegations and default. Another case two years later, where a default judgment of $10,000 was awarded for infringement of a single movie, was deficient in the same regard.

The Judge went to state that in the cited cases, the courts were willing to grant the requested amount in statutory damages, provided they did not reach the statutory maximum. He concluded that was likely due to the plaintiffs being unchallenged by the defaulted defendants. Describing the cases as lacking in “meaningful analysis”, the Judge concluded that along with several other similar cases between 2012 and 2017, they were “not persuasive.”

Other Courts have Awarded Substantially Less Than $10,000

Outside of the cases cited by LHF, the Judge noted that some courts had developed and applied factors that led to greater consistency in statutory damages awards against defaulted defendants. A Malibu Media case in 2014, for example, awarded $750 on the basis that the plaintiff provided very little factual detail regarding the defendant’s actions. Other cases shared similar traits.

In his decision, Judge Nuffer decided to apply six factors previously outlined in a 2016 case involving Malibu Media; whether the defendant was the original seeder, whether the defendant profited or saved money from the infringement, the plaintiff’s actual losses, whether the damages amount would result in a “windfall” for the plaintiff, the deterrent effect of the damages, and the defendant’s willfulness and intent.

The Judge in this case weighed those same factors and determined that in the absence of evidence to the contrary, the request for $10,000 in statutory damages was over the top.

Judge Nuffer found that there was no evidence that Steel was an original seeder, no evidence relating to the number of users in the BitTorrent swarm, and no evidence showing how many people downloaded the file from the defendant’s computer. On top, the Judge said it was reasonable to conclude that the only monetary gain made by the defendant was the money saved on renting or buying a copy of the movie and the losses for the plaintiff would’ve been the same amount.

Given the above, $10,000 in damages would result in a windfall for the plaintiffs and at around 25 times the amount it would cost to rent or buy the movie, $750 would act as a deterrent. In respect of the defendant’s intent, LHF provided inadequate evidence.

“Ultimately, considering the relevant factors collectively, along with all the circumstances of this case, an award of the $750 statutory damages against Defendant is just,” the Judge wrote in his order.

“This award adequately serves the compensatory and punitive purposes of statutory damages to sanction Defendant and vindicates the statutory policy of discouraging future infringement. This award is also consistent with the nationwide trend in awarding minimum statutory damages against defaulted defendants.”

While the damages award is indeed relatively low, it is worth pointing out that the defendant is liable to pay LHF’s costs and reasonable attorney’s fees, which are yet to be decided.

The memorandum decision and default judgment can be found here (pdf)

From: TF, for the latest news on copyright battles, piracy and more.

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Halloween Deal: You Can Get The Latest 2020 MacBook Air For $50 Off Right Now

Prime Day sales might have come to an end but there are still plenty of great deals to be had. Some of those are on Apple's latest 13-inch MacBook Air, with a few different deals on offer right now during this Halloween sale.


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Microsoft Pricing Can Be Scary But Our Halloween Deals Get You Windows 10 For $13, Office 365 For $18

It's Halloween but if there's one thing that can scare us all year round it's Microsoft's pricing. Picking up a new copy of Windows or Office can be a super costly time, but that doesn't need to be the case. We have you covered.


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Every Skype Keyboard Shortcut You Need for Windows and Mac

Skype has been around since 2003, but it's long remained a great and consistent choice for voice and video calls.

One of the great things about Skype is that it's available on lots of devices, meaning you can call your friend on a MacBook from your Windows 10 computer.

To help you use Skype efficiently, we've put together this awesome cheat sheet that contains all the Skype keyboard shortcuts you could ever need for Mac and Windows.

FREE DOWNLOAD: This cheat sheet is available as a downloadable PDF from our distribution partner, TradePub. You will have to complete a short form to access it for the first time only. Download the Skype Keyboard Shortcuts for Windows and Mac Cheat Sheet.

Skype Keyboard Shortcuts for Windows and Mac

Shortcut (Windows)Shortcut (Mac)Action
Alt + 2Command + Shift + COpen contacts
Ctrl + NCommand + NStart new conversation
Ctrl + Shift + ACommand + Shift + AAdd people to conversation
Ctrl + PCommand + IShow conversation profile
Ctrl + GCommand + GNew group chat
Ctrl + Shift + FCommand + Shift + FSend a file
Alt + Shift + EControl + Shift + EFocus the message composer
Up arrowCommand + Shift + EEdit the last message sent
Ctrl + FCommand + FSearch within selected conversation
Ctrl + Shift + LCommand + Shift + LMulti-select messages
Ctrl + Shift + ECommand + EArchive selected conversation
Ctrl + Shift + UCommand + Shift + UMark as unread
Ctrl + TabControl + TabNext Conversation
Ctrl + Shift + TabControl + Shift + TabPrevious Conversation
Alt + 1Option + 1Navigate to recent chats
Ctrl + Shift + SCommand + Option + FSearch for all contacts, messages, and bots
Ctrl + ICommand + Shift + OOpen Notification panel
Ctrl + Shift + GCommand + Shift + GOpen gallery
Ctrl + DCommand + 2Launch dial pad
Ctrl + Shift + PCommand + Shift + RAnswer incoming call
Ctrl + Shift + HCommand + Shift + HHang up
Ctrl + Shift + KCommand + Shift + KStart video call
Ctrl + Shift + PCommand + Shift + RStart an audio call
Ctrl + MCommand + Shift + MToggle mute
Ctrl + Shift + KCommand + Shift + KToggle camera
Ctrl + Shift + JCommand + Shift + JResize camera preview
Ctrl + Shift + ACommand + Shift + AAdd people to call
Ctrl + SCommand + STake a snapshot
Ctrl + Shift + PlusCommand + Shift + PlusZoom in
Ctrl + MinusCommand + MinusZoom out
Ctrl + ZeroCommand + ZeroView actual size
Ctrl + CommaCommand + CommaOpen app settings
Ctrl + TCommand + TOpen themes
Ctrl + Shift + TCommand + Shift + TToggle between light and dark mode
Ctrl + OCommand + Option + OSend feedback
Ctrl + HControl + HOpen Help in default browser
Ctrl + WCommand + WClose windows (split view)

Is Skype Better Than Zoom?

Skype is an established player in the world of video calling, but it's certainly not the only choice anymore.

Whether it's apps like Slack and Discord, or more direct competitors like Zoom, there is lots of choice when it comes to speaking and seeing your friends.

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Apple Says Its Record 2020 Mac Sales Were Thanks To The MacBook Pro

Apple says that its record-breaking 2020 Mac sales were thanks to the MacBook Pro. Here are all the details on this.


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7 Amazing Things You Can Do in Google’s Arts and Culture App

Google’s Arts & Culture app is a miniature mobile masterpiece, which anyone with even a passing interest in art will enjoy exploring.

Launched in 2016, it was originally designed to complement the Google Arts & Culture website, which lets you virtually visit thousands of galleries and museums around the world.

But the app---which you can download for free for Android and iOS---goes far beyond that. It uses the latest technology to deliver an immersive, educational, and entertaining art experience. Let’s take a look at its highlights.

1. Match a Selfie to a Painting

The best-known feature in the Google Arts & Culture app is undoubtedly Art Selfie. It finds your art lookalike among thousands of famous paintings.

To discover whether you more closely resemble the Mona Lisa or The Laughing Cavalier, tap the camera icon and select Art Selfie. Take a photo of your face and Arts & Culture will locate matching portraits.

Image Gallery (3 Images)

Don’t expect the results to be exact doppelgangers, or even anyone you’ve heard of (though one of our matches was 28th US president Woodrow Wilson). Tap the picture for information about the subject, artist, and collection, then tap View artwork to see the piece in close-up detail.

Incidentally, there have been complaints in the Play Store that Art Selfie no longer works, but just hangs. We also had this problem, until we switched from cellular to Wi-Fi, which kicked it into action.

2. Transform Your Photos Into Artworks

Even more fun than Art Selfie is the Art Transfer feature. This turns your photos into works of art in the style of specific painters.

Select Art Transfer in the camera menu, then either capture a photo or use an existing one from your phone. Tap one of the thumbnails of classic paintings and historic artifacts, and Google will use its AI to apply that style.

Options include Edvard Munch’s The Scream, Claude Monet’s Ninfee Rosa, Jean-Michel Basquiat’s Man from Naples, and self portraits by Andy Warhol, Frida Kahlo, and Vincent Van Gogh.

Image Gallery (3 Images)

You can apply a style to only part of your photo by tapping the scissors icon and tracing the desired area with your finger. The app also creates a GIF showing the transformation of your image into art. Tap Share to download and share your masterpiece.

3. Insert Yourself Into Works of Art

Google Arts & Culture is also one of the best augmented reality apps. You can see this in the Art Filter tool, which uses AR to turn you into a living work of art.

Select Art Filter in the camera menu, then choose one of the five artifacts or paintings. These include a Japanese Samurai helmet from the 19th century, Van Gogh’s Self Portrait (again), and Vermeer’s Girl with a Pearl Earring.

Tap Try filter to activate your camera and apply the filter, Snapchat-style. It will adapt to the position of your head and even your facial expression. Tap the circle to take a photo or hold it down to record a video.

Image Gallery (3 Images)

When you’re done admiring yourself, select View artwork to learn more about the original piece.

4. Project Artwork Around Your Home

You probably don’t have $80 million to spend on a Monet for your kitchen, so Google Arts & Culture lets you hang classic paintings for free. It uses augmented reality to project full-size versions of masterpieces anywhere in your home.

Press the camera icon and tap Art Projector. Point your camera at the floor, move it in a circular motion, and a grid of dots will show you where the projection will appear.

You can then choose one of 50 famous artworks, including Edward Hopper’s Nighthawks, Grant Wood’s American Gothic, and Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa.

Image Gallery (3 Images)

As if by magic, the actual-size painting will appear in front of you on a stand. Tap the frame icon in the bottom-right corner to hang the picture on a virtual wall. Walk towards an artwork to examine it in detail, as if it were really in front of you.

Art Projector is also available for thousands of other paintings in the Arts & Culture app. Just look for the View in Augmented Reality option.

You can use the Arts & Culture app’s brilliant Pocket Gallery feature to explore some of the world’s best art without leaving your home.

Select Pocket Gallery in the camera menu, then point your camera at a flat, well-lit surface and move your phone around slowly. As with Art Projector, a grid of dots will highlight the augmented reality area.

Choose a virtual gallery from nine options including Meet Vermeer, The Art of Color, and Chauvet Cave. The size and scale of these tours means you’ll need to download them first, but this also makes them easy to revisit.

Image Gallery (3 Images)

Press Enter to step into the gallery, where you can tap and swipe your screen to explore the contents of each room. Alternatively, move your phone manually to look around.

The name of the artwork and artist will appear as you “approach” a piece. You can also reverse-pinch your screen to zoom in and examine the craftsmanship.

Related: The 7 Best Virtual Museums You Can Tour Without Leaving Home

6. Play Art-Themed Games

Although you can try Google Arts & Culture’s games on its website, tapping your phone's touchscreen makes them easier and more fun to play than with your mouse.

For example, Art Coloring Book offers monochrome outlines of more than 20 famous paintings and photos, which you can color in using the palette of your choice. Just pick a color then tap a segment of the picture to fill it in. You can save and share the result.

Puzzle Party creates jigsaws from hundreds of artworks, which you can either solve yourself or collaborate on with friends. Simply press the puzzle pieces and move them into place.

Image Gallery (3 Images)

There’s also Visual Crosswords, which challenges you to group thumbnail images by theme, such as Contemporary and Renaissance art, or paintings by Van Gogh and Gauguin.

To play these games and more, keep scrolling through the Arts & Culture app until you reach the Games section.

7. Bring Ancient Creatures to Life

If you enjoy viewing museum exhibits of fossils and long-extinct species, you’ll love Arts and Culture's Meet an Ancient Animal feature.

This uses AR to place prehistoric beings in front of you, at their actual size. These include the Opabinia, a 500 million-year-old arthropod with five eyes; duck-billed, crested dinosaur the Amurosaurus; and “Hatcher”, the first Triceratops ever put on display.

Image Gallery (3 Images)

If you can’t see the feature on the app’s home screen, tap the menu in the top-left corner, choose Collections, and select State Darwin Museum, which has provided most of the 3D images. Select an ancient beast, then tap View in Augmented Reality to bring it back to life.

Interact With Art and Culture

You could spend days exploring all the content in the Google Arts & Culture app. Try the interactive features we’ve highlighted to get a flavour of what to expect.

As well as browsing artworks and artifacts, you should also check out the app’s virtual tours of galleries, museums, and sites of cultural and historic interest. They provide you with a world of culture from the comfort of your phone.

And if you're still hungry for more culture from the comfort of your couch, you can also check out some virtual field trips that make history come alive.

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Google Partners with uBreakiFix for Same Day Pixel 5 Repairs

The Pixel 5 is made from materials that should make it a pretty durable phone. However, try as smartphone makers might, no phone is indestructible, including the Pixel 5.

Fortunately, Google has a plan should your Pixel 5 break. As reported by 9To5Google, the company has partnered with phone repair chain uBreakiFix for same-day repairs of Pixel 5 phones.

Google and uBreakiFix Partnership Details

In total, uBreakiFix has 596 locations spread throughout the United States, so if your Pixel 5 breaks, there's a good chance that you can get to a store for the same-day repair benefit.

The partnership between Google and uBreakiFix is nothing new. The firm has been one of Google’s key repair partners in the US for some time. It offers official service for in-warranty and out-of-warranty repairs on Pixel devices, so it's no surprise that Google turned to the company as its partner for the Pixel 5.

According to uBreakiFix, "Each uBreakiFix store is equipped with Google-trained technicians to provide authorized repair service for cracked screens and other technical issues using genuine OEM parts."

Take Care of Your Phone!

While it's nice that Google is offering a retail chain to bring your broken Pixel 5 to, a better idea would be to avoid damaging your phone in the first place. Take good care of your phone, and your phone will take care of you.

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14 Stretches for Gamers Who Spend Too Long Playing Games

Long hours in front of a computer or console put pressure on your body. You might not feel it right away, but that tension can build into actual pain. So it’s a good idea to give yourself a break once in a while and loosen those muscles.

Below are 14 great stretches for gamers to try when your hands, arms, back, and neck feel stiff. Exercises like these also help build your flexibility and reaction times, benefitting both your health and gameplay.

Hand Stretches for Gamers

1. Thumb Extensor Stretch

For best results, fold your thumb into your palm and wrap your fingers over it, making a fist. Then bend your hand towards the pinky’s side. You want to feel a painless stretch of the muscle beneath the thumb. Hold that position for 30 seconds and repeat a few times before doing the exercise with the other hand too.

2. Thumb Adductor Stretch

Extend your arm forward with your palm pointed ahead and fingers upward, like a stop gesture. Gently pull your thumb down and back with your other hand. This stretch for gamers eases tension in the thumb’s front muscle. It also helps your grip and flexibility.

3. Prayer and Reverse Prayer Position Stretch

Place your hands palms together, as if praying. Your fingers should be pointing up and elbows outward. The only motion you make is to gently push your connected hands downwards. You want to straighten the line from elbow to elbow and stretch the front of your wrists.

The reverse position has the backs of your hands touching instead of your palms and the fingers pointing to the floor. This time, the push is upward so as to stretch the backs of the wrists. The most you should feel is slight discomfort, no pain. This applies to all these exercises.

4. Supine Flexors and Pronated Extensors Stretch

The positioning in these two stretches is exactly the same, but the muscles they stretch are different. The position is simple: arm straight in front of you and palm facing up. The other hand comes and lightly pulls your palm backwards toward the floor.

For the first stretch, pull from the fingers to extend your palm muscles as well as those of your forearm. For the second, the pressure should be further up on the palm itself. This focuses the stretch on the wrist and the arm muscles beyond it.

Arm Stretches for Gamers

1. Cross Body Stretch

There are so many ways to keep your arms strong and healthy, including free online fitness programs to improve your whole body. But a gamer often just needs simple stretches to beat specific pains.

This exercise, for example, folds your extended arm across your chest with some extra pressure from your other hand. It gives your shoulder muscles a gentle pull.

2. Chest to Arm Stretch

You can do this exercise at different intensities. One method is to extend your arm to the side with the elbow bent 90 degrees and fingers pointing at the ceiling.

Rest that forearm against a flat surface with your chest parallel and gently push that forward. The stretch should go from the front of your shoulder into the arm.

For more intensity, extend your arm backward, ideally against a wall beside you. Make sure you square your shoulders and that they’re facing forward.

This position alone should give a similar chest to arm stretch, but you can also turn your head in the opposite direction to your arm. The gentle and relaxing pull should now run from your neck to your arm.

3. External Bicep Stretch

Set your bent elbow on the desk with fingers up and shoulders down. With your other hand, push your forearm backward, slightly rotating the arm.

Only apply pressure until you feel a pull in your biceps that also touches the shoulder and elbow. This is a small but effective stretch.

4. Tricep Stretch

Here’s another great way to release arm and shoulder tension. For best results, place both bent elbows on the edge of the desk before you. Then slowly lower your head and torso into the space between desk and chair.

Make sure your upper body is straight and your arms well planted on the table. Your shoulders and part of your back get a good stretch, too.

Back Stretches for Gamers

1. Backward Arm Stretch

Long, hunched gaming sessions are especially bad for your back. To quickly release such knots, you can easily find simple stretches in places like yoga apps and courses.

A common exercise involves extending your arms behind your back and interlocking your fingers, palms facing in. Try raising your arms as high as possible and holding them there. The position and motion engage several stiff muscles.

2. Internal Arm Rotation Behind the Back Stretch

Here’s a tricky stretch you’ve probably seen before.

What you need to do is fold one arm over the same shoulder until your palm faces and touches your back. The other arm folds under its shoulder so its palm faces outward while resting against your back. Now, try interlocking those hands.

Even if you don’t succeed, the attempt alone pulls all the right muscles in your back and shoulders. Repeat the exercise on both sides.

For some extra help, you could get a strap of some kind to hold onto while stretching. Keep practicing and you’ll be able to connect your hands in no time.

3. Spine Rotation Stretch

Be extra careful with these kinds of exercises. Too much force can hurt your back more than help it.

In this case, cross your right leg, for example, over the left and slowly turn your torso to the right. You can push against your leg or desk for more rotation but stop as soon as you feel the desired pull down your back. Hold the position for 30 seconds and repeat on the other side.

Neck Stretches for Gamers

1. Front to Back Stretch

A painful neck can ruin a game and your overall well-being just as easily. For a good first stretch, tuck in your chin to align your spine and then slowly bend your head forward and then all the way back. Do this a couple of times to loosen those neck muscles.

2. Lateral Stretch

Follow the same principle as above. Tuck in your chin and bend your head from side to side, as if trying to touch your ears to your shoulders.

For more intensity, depending on the direction your head will lean in, place the opposite hand either behind your back or under your hip. You can also use the other hand to gently pull your head closer to each shoulder.

3. Rotation Stretch

Finally, move your head in circular motions, and in all directions it can go. Don’t push yourself too hard or fast. In fact, the slower and more focused you make each movement, the better your muscles will stretch.

The aim is a fluid, relaxed routine to counteract the tension of gaming.

Stretch for Better and Healthier Gaming

Revive your body’s flexibility and energy with these easy exercises. They’re focused on key areas that tend to give gamers the most trouble when playing too long, but there are many more stretches and fitness solutions to discover.

Choose the best and combine them into a healthy and relaxing routine for the benefit of your hands, neck, back, and beyond. Your body and overall gaming performance will thank you for it.

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4 Unique Ways to Get Datasets for Your Machine Learning Project

Insufficient data is often one of the major setbacks for most data science projects. However, knowing how to collect data for any project you want to embark on is an important skill you need to acquire as a data scientist.

Data scientists and machine learning engineers now use modern data gathering techniques to acquire more data for training algorithms. If you're planning to embark on your first data science or machine learning project, you need to be able to get data as well.

How can you make the process easy for yourself? Let's take a look at some modern techniques you can use to collect data.

Why You Need More Data for Your Data Science Project

Machine learning algorithms depend on data to become more accurate, precise, and predictive. These algorithms are trained using sets of data. The training process is a little like teaching a toddler an object's name for the first time, then allowing them to identify it alone when they next see it.

Human beings need only a few examples to recognize a new object. That's not so for a machine, as it needs hundreds or thousands of similar examples to become familiar with an object.

These examples or training objects need to come in the form of data. A dedicated machine learning algorithm then runs through that set of data called a training set—and learns more about it to become more accurate.

That means if you fail to supply enough data to train your algorithm, you might not get the right result at the end of your project because the machine doesn't have sufficient data to learn from.

So, it's necessary to get adequate data to improve the accuracy of your result. Let's see some modern strategies you can use to achieve that below.

1. Scraping Data Directly From a Web Page

Web scraping is an automated way of getting data from the web. In its most basic form, web scraping may involve copying and pasting the elements on a website into a local file.

However, web scraping also involves writing special scripts or using dedicated tools to scrape data from a webpage directly. It could also involve more in-depth data collection using Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) like Serpstack.

Although some people believe that web scraping could lead to intellectual property loss, that can only happen when people do it maliciously. Web scraping is legal and helps businesses make better decisions by gathering public information about their customers and competitors.

Related: What is Web Scraping? How to Collect Data from Websites

For instance, you might write a script to collect data from online stores to compare prices and availability. While it might be a bit more technical, you can collect raw media like audio files and images over the web as well.

Take a look at the example code below to get a glimpse of web scraping with Python's beautifulsoup4 HTML parser library.

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from urllib.request import urlopen
url = "Enter the full URL of the target webpage here"
targetPage = urlopen(url)
htmlReader = targetPage.read().decode("utf-8")
webData = BeautifulSoup(htmlReader, "html.parser")
print(webData.get_text())

Before running the example code, you'll need to install the library. Create a virtual environment from your command line and install the library by running pip install beautifulsoup4.

2. Via Web Forms

You can also leverage online forms for data collection. This is most useful when you have a target group of people you want to gather the data from.

A disadvantage of sending out web forms is that you might not collect as much data as you want. It's pretty handy for small data science projects or tutorials, but you might run into constraints trying to reach large numbers of anonymous people.

Although paid online data collection services exist, they aren't recommended for individuals, as they are mostly too expensive—except if you don't mind spending some money on the project.

There are various web forms for collecting data from people. One of them is Google Forms, which you can access by going to forms.google.com. You can use Google Forms to collect contact information, demographic data, and other personal details.

Once you create a form, all you need to do is send the link to your target audience via mail, SMS, or whatever available means.

However, Google Forms is only one example of popular web forms. There are many alternatives out there that do excellent data collection jobs as well.

3. Via Social Media

You can also collect data via social media outlets like Facebook, LinkedIn, Instagram, and Twitter. Getting data from social media is a bit more technical than any other method. It's completely automated and involves the use of different API tools.

Social media can be difficult to extract data from as it is relatively unorganized and there is a vast amount of it. Properly organized, this type of dataset can be useful in data science projects involving online sentiments analysis, market trends analysis, and online branding.

For instance, Twitter is an example of a social media data source where you can collect a large volume of datasets with its tweepy Python API package, which you can install with the pip install tweepy command.

For a basic example, the block of code for extracting Twitter homepage Tweets looks like this:

import tweepy
import re
myAuth = tweepy.OAuthHandler(paste consumer_key here, paste consumer_secret key here)
auth.set_access_token(paste access_token here, paste access_token_secret here)
authenticate = tweepy.API(myAuth)
target_tweet = api.home_timeline()
for targets in target_tweet:
print(targets.text)

You can visit the docs.tweepy.org website to access the tweepy documentation for more details on how to use it. To use Twitter's API, you need to apply for a developer's account by heading to the developer.twitter.com website.

Facebook is another powerful social media platform for gathering data. It uses a special API endpoint called the Facebook Graph API. This API allows developers to collect data about specific users' behaviors on the Facebook platform. You can access the Facebook Graph API documentation at developers.facebook.com to learn more about it.

A detailed explanation of social media data collection with API is beyond the scope of this article. If you are interested in finding out more, you can check out each platform's documentation for in-depth knowledge about them.

In addition to writing scripts for connecting to an API endpoint, social media data collecting third-party tools like Scraping Expert and many others are also available. However, most of these web tools come at a price.

4. Collecting Pre-Existing Datasets From Official Sources

You can collect pre-existing datasets from authoritative sources as well. This method involves visiting official data banks and downloading verified datasets from them. Unlike web scraping and other options, this option is faster and requires little or no technical knowledge.

The datasets on these types of sources are usually available in CSV, JSON, HTML, or Excel formats. Some examples of authoritative data sources are World Bank, UNdata, and several others.

Some data sources may make current data private to prevent the public from accessing them. However, their archives are frequently available for download.

More Official Dataset Sources for Your Machine Learning Project

This list should give you a good starting point for getting different types of data to work with in your projects.

There are many more sources than this, and careful searching will reward you with data perfect for your own data science projects.

Combine These Modern Techniques for Better Results

Data collection can be tedious when the available tools for the task are limited or hard to comprehend. While older and conventional methods still work well and are unavoidable in some cases, modern methods are faster and more reliable.

However, rather than relying on a single method, a combination of these modern ways of gathering your data has the potential of yielding better results.

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AirPods Pro Service Program For Fixing Crackling Audio And ANC Issues Launched By Apple, Here’s What You Need To Know

AirPods Pro service program for fixing crackling audio and ANC issues has been launched by Apple. Here's what you need to know about this.


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