Categories
News

12 Alternative Search Engines That Find What Google Can’t

R.I.P Google.

What would be your first reaction if you saw this? Scared, because your life is completely enslaved to Google. Or, hopeful because this suggests that another search engine that lets you find anything has arrived.

Well, no one is chipping on that digital tombstone yet. Yes, we are tied to Google. But it does not mean that there aren't any unknown search engines outside the fence. Let's face it ---Google Search still can't do everything. That's why these alternative search engines have stepped in to fill the gaps.

Google does good for the world in its own way. Ecosia does its bit in a small way. As you browse, 80% of the ad profits go into programs that help to plant trees in Burkina Faso, Madagascar, Indonesia, and Peru. The search engine uses a modified Bing custom search.

Read through their FAQ where they open up about the project and also show you the progress of their planting programs. Ecosia is a search engine that doesn't filter search results in any way, but it does highlight websites that follow sustainable practices with a green leaf icon next to the result.

Download: Ecosia for Android | iOS (Free)

Open your bag of privacy tools to add this obscure search engine to the collection of no-tracking search engines. Qwant is also a more visual search engine compared to Google. The search engine also utilizes Microsoft Bing.

You can register and log-in to create visual boards by bookmarking the results you like. The privacy policy on the site says,

Even when you are connected with an ID, we don't use any cookie nor any other tracking device when you browse the site.

Local storage on your machine is used to save your settings and data. Any personal data connected to your ID is also deleted after you cancel your account.

Any search engine that does not store user data is always worth a try. Peekier is among the new privacy-conscious search engines that were made popular by DuckDuckGo.

Their policy reiterates that do not log your personal info or track you throughout your browsing sessions. You also might like the clean design and the fast results delivered in little preview cards. The search results are taken from Bing.

Click the hamburger icon on the top right to tweak the settings. Peekier auto-suggests search keywords and you can further refine them with more keywords integrated into the search bar after the results. The search engine doesn't have any other filters except the option to choose your region.

Google has some wonderful collaborative apps. Google Search isn't one of them. This gap is somewhat plugged by SearchTeam which calls itself a "collaborative search engine". It's a good concept for teams who want to save time when they are looking for the same things.

For instance, you can use SearchTeam to plan a vacation with family members and friends. Try to plan a reunion with your extended family. Or, research the web for a medical condition.

Invite others into your SearchSpace with email. If you log-in with a Facebook account, SearchTeam will automatically suggest the people you want to invite. SearchTeam has only one obstacle--- it is not free like Google. You can try it with a free trial account until the founders offer a free version.

Yippy is more than a traditional search engine. Some of you might remember it by its old name---Clutsy. And as the old name suggests, it de-clutters search results by tapping into several search engines. It then combines the results and groups similar results into groups. You can go deeper into your search with the group keywords on the left.

The meta-search engine also filters out undesirable results, so you can recommend it as a good educational search engine for kids.

Unfiltered search engine results aren't good for kids. Even Google isn't a great product for kids even though there is a SafeSearch option. Kiddle is a nice alternative for family-friendly search.

But do note that it is not an official Google for Kids product. The search engine is a customized version of Google that is more visually appealing for kids. Big thumbnails, images, fonts accompany the kid-safe web, image, and video search.

The above search engines are for general purpose web browsing. The search engines below are topic and site specific, and they will help you find stuff that might not surface on Google.

Online streaming is sending cable back to the dinosaur age. So, if you are a cord cutter you would want to discover where your favorite show is on next. It's also a shortcut to find out what's new on each streaming platform.

You can customize your preferences and use the easy filters for providers, many different genres, IMDb or Rotten Tomatoes ratings, prices, HD/SD, or release year.

It is just possible that our grandchildren will be communicating in GIFs only. Okay, that's farfetched. But, you can be prepared if the animated dystopian future comes true with Giphy.

Google does a good job of finding animated GIFs now, but I bet the world still flocks to Giphy through their mobile keyboards. Try it out on the desktop next time.

Google Search still hasn't caught up with the wave of 3D printing. But this search engine steps into the niche. Thangs is an online community of 3D designers and the search engine is an offshoot of that.

Thangs says it is "a geometric search engine" powered by AI. It can recognize 3D models, see how parts can be assembled together, and then make accurate predictions about each object’s function, cost, materials, performance, compliance, and more.

Any space and science lover could fall in love with this one. This is a massive database of image, audio, and video resources from more than 60 different locations into one searchable index.

Search and download a treasure trove of more than 140,000 NASA images, videos, and audio files from across the agency's many missions through history.

NASA has laid down some usage guidelines. But news outlets, schools, and text-book authors can use NASA content without needing explicit permission.

This search engine for Open Source code might just help you get through the tough parts. The results are gathered from Open Source repositories that are indexed and searchable. The search goes into 10+ sources and covers 90 languages.

Code search can get complex. So, use the filters to narrow it down to a specific source, repository, or language. The results will be displayed with the relevant lines highlighted.

Ludwig is an interesting alternative to Google Translate. Here, you don't need to type the sentence you want to translate. Type the best guess of the English translation you need.

The search engine compares your approximate sentence with a database of contextualized examples taken from standard sources like The New York Times, PLOS ONE, BBC, and scientific publications. Check the list of results against your first sentence and learn the correct one.

Expand each sentence in the results to see it used in context. My first few attempts left me confused but then I am fluent in the Queen's language. Nevertheless, it is an interesting way to learn the English language in the garb of a search engine.

These search engines aren't about overpowering Google. Think of them as "specialty" search tools. Google might be the 800-pound gorilla on the web, but there are several good options for niche searches and anonymous private searches. So, keep learning tips and tricks to improve the way you search.

Categories
News

5 Ways to Lighten Dark Underexposed Photos in Photoshop

We all shoot underexposed photos from time to time. If you're shooting in low-light or high-contrast conditions it can be unavoidable. Fortunately, it's easy to fix dark photos in Photoshop.

In this article, we take a look at five methods for how to brighten a picture. All of them are very quick, but some will give you more control over the results than others.

It sounds like a silly question---if your photo is too dark, it's underexposed. But if you're going to be editing by eye it's a good idea to calibrate your monitor first. A poorly calibrated monitor will make images look either too bright or too dark.

For more accurate results familiarize yourself with the histogram. This is a chart that shows the tonal range of your image, from 100 percent black on the far left edge of the x-axis, to 100 percent white on the right edge.

Ideally, you'd want a fairly even distribution of data across the entire histogram, although it does depend on the nature of the shot. If the data is bunched toward the left side of the chart it's often a sign that the image is underexposed.

The first four options we describe below can be applied directly to the image, or used with Adjustment Layers. We recommend the latter for most cases. It enables non-destructive editing, allowing you to tweak---or even completely remove---an edit later on.

Here's how you do it. Click the Adjustment Layers button at the bottom of the Layers palette. Then select the tool you wish to use, such as Brightness/Contrast, or Curves.

When you need to brighten a photo the most obvious place to start is to go to Image > Adjustments > Brightness/Contrast, or to select this tool on an Adjustment Layer.

Brightness/Contrast is a good, simple option to use if the overall image is too dark. The Brightness setting primarily targets the midtones, so leaves the darkest and lightest points of the image untouched.

Make sure the Preview box is checked, then move the slider to the right until the image is as bright as you need it to be.

Adjusting the midtones can sometimes have the effect of flattening an image, so you might need to bump the Contrast up a little as well to compensate.

Another setting you'll see just below Brightness/Contrast is Exposure. This may seem an obvious one to use when you want to correct a photo's exposure, but it isn't.

Where the Brightness setting targets the midtones, Exposure uniformly increases or decreases all the tonal values in the image. It will lighten the highlights by the same amount as it lightens the shadows. This can cause them to become clipped, turning them into solid white areas with no detail.

As such, the Exposure setting is best used to correct errors made in camera, or for very minor adjustments. Ideally, keep it for RAW files only.

When you're shooting in very contrasty scenes the darker areas will often come out underexposed. The Shadows/Highlights tool is a quick way to fix this.

Go to Image > Adjustments > Shadows/Highlights, or create a new Adjustment Layer. A dialog box will open and automatically apply the default settings.

There are two sliders. Shadows brightens the darkest parts of the image while Highlights darkens the lightest parts. With the Preview box checked drag the Shadows slider to the right until the details in the darker areas of the image are at the level you like.

Move the Highlights slider as well, if you need to. This is a good way to reveal extra detail in brighter areas, such as a bright sky.

For additional help, take a look at our guide to removing shadows from photos.

The first two settings we've looked at enable you to adjust your image by eye. The next two let you make more precise corrections based on the histogram.

Both are still very easy to use, and they're very effective when you need to brighten a dark picture.

Levels is a tool for controlling the tonal range and colors in your image. Open it by pressing Ctrl + L on Windows, Cmd + L on Mac, or apply it on an Adjustment Layer, as we've outlined above.

The main part of the Levels screen is the histogram with three sliders positioned beneath it. The left and right sliders set the black and white points in the image, respectively.

We're concerned mostly with the middle slider, which affects the midtones. Simply click and drag the slider to the left to brighten your image.

If the brightest parts of the image are also underexposed, brighten them up by dragging the right-hand slider to the left. Try and position the slider in line with the edge of the right-most group of pixels in the histogram. Don't go too far---anything to the right of the slider will be 100 percent white, and contain no detail at all.

There's a lot more to the Levels tool. Check out our introductory guide to Photoshop for more detail on how you can use it as part of your everyday workflow.

Curves is similar to Levels, but gives you even more precise control over the tonal range of your image. It's an integral part of image processing in Photoshop, and is extremely powerful. Yet for a quick exposure tweak it's very easy to use.

Open the Curves tool by pressing Ctrl + M or Cmd +M, or open it on an Adjustment Layer.

As with the Levels tool, Curves is based on the histogram. This time, instead of sliders, there's a diagonal line that you need to manipulate to adjust the tonal range of the image. The left end of the line represents the shadows, and the right end represents the highlights.

To brighten the image, click on the line and drag upwards. If the image is generally underexposed, then you should be able to click somewhere near the middle of the line.

If you're trying to brighten the shadows then choose somewhere around 25 percent from the left. Try and pick an area where there's a large amount of the data on the histogram.

The beauty of the Curves tool is that you can repeat this process as many times as you need to. If brightening the shadows causes the highlights to become too bright, then click around a quarter of the way from the right edge and drag down to darken them again.

Each click adds a new point to the line, which is now a curve. To remove any points you don't need, select it and hit Backspace.

Our final way to brighten up your underexposed photos is to use layers and blend modes (how to use the blending mode in Photoshop).

Duplicate your image layer by hitting Ctrl + J or Cmd + J. On the new layer set the blend mode to Screen. The image will immediately be brighter.

If you want more, you can create as many of these extra layers as you need. Fine-tune the effect by lowering the opacity of the top layer.

The blend mode method is quick, easy, and flexible. It works well on fully underexposed images, and is also great for making local exposure tweaks. You could use Masks, for example, to select specific areas you want to adjust or protect from your changes.

Brightening up an underexposed image can sometimes leave it looking flat or washed out. A few final tweaks will fix this.

Use the Brightness/Contrast or Levels tools to boost contrast and give your image a bit more punch. Next, use the Vibrance or Hue/Saturation controls to restore a little of the lost color, should you need to. You should now have a bright, well exposed, and great looking photo.

As always with Photoshop, there are numerous ways to do everything, and it often doesn't matter which approach you choose. Just pick the one that you're most comfortable with, or that gives you the control you need.

Fixing exposure is only one of the many things you can do to improve your shots using Photoshop.

Image Credit: Dreamer4787/Shutterstock

Categories
News

How to Protect Your Game Saves on Any System | MakeUseOf

You're dozens of hours into a super-long video game when the power goes out. When you reboot your console and try to load up your save, you find that the power outage corrupted your save data, resetting hours of progress to zero in an instant.

If this has ever happened to you, you know how devastating it feels. It's crazy how hours of time add up to just a few megabytes on your system's internal storage, and how quickly it can disappear.

Don't let this happen to you again. We'll show you how to back up your game saves so that you never lose progress again, no matter what gaming system you play on.

Note: Your progress in online games, such as Overwatch or Destiny 2, is tied to your user account and kept on the game's servers. Thus, you don't have to do anything to back those up.

How to Back Up Your Saves on All Systems

All modern systems have some form of built-in functionality to back up your saves. Here's how to set them up.

How to Back Up Save Data on PlayStation 4

You have two options for backing up on the PS4.

The more convenient one is backing up to your PlayStation Plus cloud account. One of the benefits of being a Plus member (which costs $60/year) is 100GB of cloud storage for backing up all your saves. This happens automatically, so you don't have to remember to run any backups.

To enable it, head to Settings > Application Saved Data Management > Auto-Upload. Check Enable Automatic Uploads to upload saved data for all games to your cloud storage; you can uncheck any games you don't want to automatically upload. The system will back up save data when your system is on or in rest mode.

For uploads to work in rest mode, you must give your system permission to perform internet functions in this mode. Go to Settings > Power Save Settings > Set Features Available in Rest Mode and enable Stay Connected to the Internet.

To upload a specific game save, press the Options button while you have it highlighted on the main menu. Choose Upload/Download Saved Data to compare your local and cloud saves, uploading or downloading if needed.

If you don't have PS Plus or want to back up locally instead, browse to Settings > System > Back Up and Restore > Back Up PS4 to back up to a USB flash drive or external hard drive.

This won't sync your hard-earned Trophies, so visit the Trophies entry on the main menu, press Options, and select Sync with PlayStation Network to keep those current.

How to Back Up Save Data on Xbox One

Similar to PS4, the Xbox One lets you sync game saves to the cloud for safekeeping. It's even easier on Microsoft's console: the Xbox cloud game saves page makes it clear that this all happens automatically. You don't even need to subscribe to Xbox Live Gold---as long as your console is connected to the internet, its save data syncs with the cloud.

Xbox provides cloud storage for each game, which grows as you add titles to your library. Thus, there's no risk of running out of space for the average player. Unfortunately, there's no way to back up saves to a USB drive for Xbox One, but it's not necessary as long as your console is online.

How to Back Up Save Data on PC

Unsurprisingly, for PC games you have tons of options for backing up your saved games. Since you likely play most PC titles via Steam, you can use its backup options for those games and utilize third-party software for others.

If a game supports Steam Cloud, it will sync your data to the cloud regularly. Select a game in your library and click the i icon on the right side to show details about it. You'll see a Cloud Saves field for games that support the feature.

To make sure you have Steam Cloud enabled for your account, go to Steam > Settings > Cloud and the Enable Steam Cloud synchronization for applications which support it box. You can visit the View Steam Cloud page in a browser to see what save data you have in cloud storage.

To back up other save data, including games not on Steam, we recommend using GameSave Manager. It's a free tool that scans your hard drive for saves from hundreds of games, then moves them to your cloud storage provider of choice. It's easy to use and supports scheduled backups, so you can set it up to run once a day and never lose progress in a game again.

How to Back Up Save Data on Nintendo Switch

You'll need to be a Nintendo Switch Online member to back up save data from your Switch to the cloud. Once you are, your system will automatically enable cloud data backups for all games that support it. You can check in on these options and the status of your cloud saves at Settings > Data Management > Save Data Cloud.

To back up save data manually, highlight a game on your Switch's main menu and press the Plus button on your controller to access its menu. Select Save Data Cloud to check its status. If you want to back up the data manually, select the appropriate user and choose Back Up Save Data to send it to the cloud.

Not all games support cloud saves, but the ones that do will back up automatically. Notably, you'll need to follow Nintendo's instructions to back up save data for Animal Crossing: New Horizons, as that's a special case.

How to Back Up Save Data on the Nintendo 3DS

The 3DS family of systems has a built-in backup utility, but it comes with a few caveats.

First, it only backs up data from downloaded 3DS games and "most" Virtual Console titles you've purchased from the eShop. It won't work for physical copies of 3DS games (since those save to the cartridge) or DSiWare from the eShop. Also, you can only create 30 save data backups, for some reason.

You must have an SD Card (or a microSD Card on a New 3DS) inserted in your 3DS to store the files. Some games, such as Animal Crossing: New Leaf, don't work with this function.

To back up a game, tap its icon on your home menu. Look for the arrow in the bottom-left corner of the screen, then tap it to expose the Save-Data Backup option and select it. Repeat this for each game that you want to back up, then shut off your 3DS and remove the SD card.

For an extra layer of backup, place the SD card in your PC (you'll need an SD card reader, like this Anker model, if your PC doesn't have an SD slot) and copy its contents to your computer's storage drive using File Explorer.

If you have a New 3DS (or New 3DS XL), the microSD card is hard to access since it's under the screwed-in battery plate. Thus, the New 3DS models allow wireless transfer of save data to a PC. Check Nintendo's instructions on wireless 3DS file transfer for help.

How to Back Up Save Data on PlayStation Vita

Like other Sony systems, the Vita supports backup to the cloud via PlayStation Plus.

To make sure you have automatic saves enabled, go to Settings > PlayStation Network > Automatic Update Settings. There, confirm that you have Update Automatically and Upload Saved Data to Online Storage checked.

To manage individual saves, go to Content Manager > Copy Content > Online Storage. Choose PS Vita System -> Online Storage to back up specific local saves to the cloud.

To prevent some games from backing up automatically, chose the Select Saved Data option instead.

To back up your Vita saves without PS Plus, you'll have to use Sony's Content Manager Assistant software on your PC. First, install it and make sure you see it running in the system tray. Then, on your Vita's home screen, navigate to Content Manager > Copy Content. Select PC and then choose to connect via a USB cable or Wi-Fi. If you choose Wi-Fi, you must follow the steps to register the device with your PC.

Select Back Up, then follow the prompts to complete the process. Sony's manual page for this notes that you can create a maximum of 10 backup files, and you can't restore a backup file to a Vita that's linked to a different system.

How to Back Up Save Data on Wii U

You must have a USB storage device connected to your Wii U to back it up. Check out our overview of external storage methods for your Wii U if you don't have external storage yet.

Head to System Settings > Data Management. Select Copy/Move/Delete Data and pick the drive that you want to move the save data from (likely System Memory). Press Y to select data to copy, then select each game you want to back up.

Once done, press Y again to initiate the copy procedure. Confirm that you want to overwrite the existing save if applicable, then let the system run a backup.

This backs up both the game and save data, which is the only method the Wii U provides. Keep in mind that once you copy the data to your external drive, your Wii U will use that drive as the default save location for the game going forward.

How to Back Up Save Data on PlayStation 3

Check out our guide to backing up and importing PS3 game saves for everything you need to know about this.

How to Back Up Save Data on Xbox 360

The Xbox 360 supports cloud saves, but you must be an Xbox Live Gold member to use them. To turn on cloud saves, head to Settings > System > Storage > Cloud Saved Games. Choose to Enable Cloud Saved Games to start backing them up.

Whenever you start a new game, it will usually ask you where you want to save your progress. Select Cloud Saved Games to keep it in the cloud. Your console will sync your save data to the cloud when you quit the game.

To move an existing save to cloud storage, go to Settings > System > Storage and choose the device that contains your save (probably Hard Drive). Then, select Games and pick the game you want to move. Choose your current save data, then Copy > Cloud Saved Games. This copies the data from your system's hard drive into the cloud.

If you prefer to back up to a USB device, insert a flash drive that's bigger than 1GB. Head to Settings > System > Storage. Then, choose USB Storage Device > Configure Now > Yes. Your Xbox will format the drive so it can use the device for game saves.

Once that's done, from the Storage page choose Hard Drive > Games and select the game you want to back up. Hit Copy > USB Storage Device just like with the cloud backup to send a copy over.

How to Back Up Save Data on Nintendo Wii

The original Wii has an SD card slot, which is how its data backup method works. Insert a standard SD card into the front of the system (behind the small cover) and select the Wii button at the bottom-left of the main menu.

Browse to Data Management > Save Data and select the Wii tab. Choose a game that you want to back up, then hit the Copy button. This will make a copy of your data to the SD card. Repeat this for every game that you want to back up.

For a proper backup, take the SD card out of your system and insert it into your computer. Use a file explorer to navigate to \private\wii\title. Inside, you'll see a folder with a strange name for every game you've copied. Just drag and drop these onto your computer for safekeeping, and you're all backed up.

General Tips for Protecting Your Game Saves

The above methods let you back up your save data so that even if you lose it, another copy is safe and ready to replace it. For additional safety, you can also use some more practical tips to make sure that your data doesn't get erased in the first place.

Don't forgo backing up, though---this advice won't help you recover from a dead hard drive.

Save in Multiple Files

Many games provide three (or dozens) of save files. You might only save in one of them, which makes sense. But if nobody else needs those slots, you should utilize them. Occasionally save your progress into another file to have an extra copy in case something goes wrong.

This won't work with certain games that only let you have one save file. However, while some games have only one player file, they let you make as many saves as you like; Skyrim is one example. Use this to your advantage, and don't stick to just one save.

Should your current save become ruined due to corruption, glitches, or even an event you can't reverse in-game, you can load up an older slot and only replay one hour instead of 50 hours.

Password-Protect Your Account

Another threat you might not have considered is saving over your existing file with a new game. Use extra caution if you have young children that play on your system. They could easily play around on the menus, create a new file, and overwrite your save file without knowing.

Thankfully, most modern systems let you set a passcode to sign into your account, while others feature parental controls. This ensures that others can't log into your account without you knowing and possibly erase data.

The method to using them depends on your system. Here's a brief summary:

  • For Xbox One, press the Xbox button and go to Profile & system > Settings on the Guide. Choose the Account tab and pick the Sign-in, security & passkey option. Choose Change my sign-in & security preferences, select Ask for my passkey, set one if needed, and you're all set.
  • On PS4, navigate to Settings > Users > Login Settings > Passcode Management. Here you can set a passcode, which you enter using the buttons on your controller.
  • The Nintendo Switch has parental controls that work in a similar manner. Navigate to Settings > Parental Controls to get started. You can use the parental controls smartphone app, but that's designed for monitoring a child's play time. Continue through the steps, and you can set a restriction on software to block games of a certain rating.
  • On PC, ensure that you have a password or PIN on your Windows account.
  • For PS Vita, navigate to Settings > Security > Screen Lock to set a PIN. Don't forget the PIN once you set it, or you'll have to reset the system.
  • The 3DS has parental controls that can block games by age rating. You can use this to block most games so you must type a PIN to play them. Navigate to Settings > Parental Controls and run through the steps to add a PIN. You can (and should) also add your email address to reset the code if you forget it.
  • On a Wii U, tap the Parental Controls option on the main menu and follow the steps to restrict software in the same way.

Of course, you should still keep an eye on how your children use your system. After all, even the best parental control tools aren't perfect.

Create Separate Accounts for Other People

Most systems allow several users to log in with their own accounts. If multiple people use your system, take advantage of these accounts to keep save data separate.

When your brother who's never played Fallout 4 on his account starts the game for the first time, he won't even see your saves. This prevents him from accidentally starting fresh and deleting yours.

Your Game Save Data Is Safe

Now, no matter what systems you play on, you can make sure that you never lose your game saves. Automatic cloud backup is simple and lets you set-and-forget, while local backups are still available for another layer of protection.

Combined with general tips for losing progress, you should never have to go through the pain of replaying many hours of a game over again.